Azure AD Sign-In Activity Report (Via Get-MgUser)

Another post on the Azure SDK cmdlet module, this time regarding the new SignInActivity attribute.

I am regularly being asked by customers to identify inactive Office 365 accounts. I’m well past the: “lol, you’re saying you don’t know who works here?” part of this problem and just follow up with a discussion on the criteria for “inactive”. The most in-depth analysis include looking at Exchange, Teams, and SharePoint usage, but I’m finding this new beta API attribute to be real handy.

Question-1: What is SignInActivity?

Answer-1: It’s an attribute exposed through the the Microsoft Graph Beta API (not Get-Msoluser or Get-AzureADUser). The How to detect inactive user accounts topic states it as such:

You detect inactive accounts by evaluating the lastSignInDateTime property exposed by the signInActivity resource type of the Microsoft Graph API. The lastSignInDateTime property shows the last time a user made a successful interactive sign-in to Azure AD.

Question-2: Ok, super, how do I use it with PowerShell?

Answer-2a: Graph of course! Here is a script that I wrote that worked for me:

https://github.com/Mike-Crowley/Public-Scripts/blob/main/Graph_SignInActivity_Report.ps1

Answer-2b: If you aren’t comfortable working with Microsoft Graph directly, or if you just don’t want the hassle, you can also use the Get-MgUser cmdlet from the aforementioned SDK module.

In either case, you’ll need to decide if you’re going to run this against the built-in app: “Microsoft Graph PowerShell” (simpler), or if you want to run it as an custom app registration (less simple, but better for automation). Once you’ve made that decision, assign the permissions.

If you’re using a custom app, use the Azure portal and search the Microsoft Graph API permissions list for:

  • AuditLogs.Read.All
  • Organization.Read.All

If you’re using the Get-MgUser cmdlet, you can add these ‘scopes’ with -Scopes parameter of Connect-MgGraph.

Connect-MgGraph -Scopes AuditLogs.Read.All, Organization.Read.All

In both of theses cases (app & delegated), you should be prompted once, and depending on how your tenant is configured, your administrator (you?) will need to give consent to the permissions.

NOTE: You don’t need to use the -scopes parameter each time you connect. This parameter is to prompt the permission consent page, which, once approved, is then recorded with the app.

After you’ve connected to Graph, using Connect-MgGraph, you’ll need to switch to the ‘beta’ API. The SignInActivity attribute isn’t exposed to the v1.0 API yet.

Select-MgProfile beta

From here, you can start using PowerShell like you’re used to. One thing to note when pulling the SignInActivity attribute is that you must use the user’s Azure AD GUID for the -UserId parameter, even if normally UPN would have sufficed. For example:

Get-MgUser -UserId 3a927ed7-d581-40ff-96a0-f5185014f0bf -Property SignInActivity | Select-Object -ExpandProperty SignInActivity | Format-List *


LastSignInDateTime   : 10/28/2021 12:10:41 AM
LastSignInRequestId  : c344b3c5-02fc-4fb4-b46f-7fe1624f5e91
AdditionalProperties : {[lastNonInteractiveSignInDateTime, 2021-10-28T02:02:41Z], [lastNonInteractiveSignInRequestId, 5ffc8a91-85b5-421c-8201-75e9fa40797d]}

Here is a more involved example, that demonstrates SignInActivity put together with some Exchange Online attributes (as I said, I am trying to find inactive users, and these additional fields can be helpful). It will create an Excel (.xlsx) file with the following column headers:

UserPrincipalName, CreatedDateTime, DisplayName, Mail, OnPremisesImmutableId, OnPremisesDistinguishedName, OnPremisesLastSyncDateTime, SignInSessionsValidFromDateTime, RefreshTokensValidFromDateTime, Id, PrimarySmtpAddress, ExternalEmailAddress, LastSignInDateTime, lastNonInteractiveSignInDateTime

Before you run the script, you’ll need to install the following modules:

Install-Module ExchangeOnlineManagement
Install-Module ImportExcel
Install-Module Microsoft.Graph.Authentication
Install-Module Microsoft.Graph.Users

Finally, the script itself:

Connect-ExchangeOnline -UserPrincipalName <user>
Connect-MgGraph -TenantId <tenant>
Select-MgProfile beta

$MailUsers = Get-User -filter {recipienttypedetails -eq 'MailUser'} -ResultSize unlimited
$ReportUsers = $MailUsers | ForEach-Object {
    $MailUser = $_   
    
    $Counter ++
    $percentComplete = (($Counter / $MailUsers.count) * 100)
    Write-Progress -Activity "Getting MG Objects" -PercentComplete $percentComplete -Status "$percentComplete% Complete:"    
       
       #to do - organize properties better
    Get-MgUser -UserId $MailUser.ExternalDirectoryObjectId -ConsistencyLevel eventual -Property @(
        'UserPrincipalName'
        'SignInActivity'
        'CreatedDateTime'        
        'DisplayName'
        'Mail'
        'OnPremisesImmutableId'
        'OnPremisesDistinguishedName'
        'OnPremisesLastSyncDateTime'
        'SignInSessionsValidFromDateTime'
        'RefreshTokensValidFromDateTime'
        'id'
    ) | Select-Object @(
        'UserPrincipalName'        
        'CreatedDateTime'        
        'DisplayName'
        'Mail'
        'OnPremisesImmutableId'
        'OnPremisesDistinguishedName'
        'OnPremisesLastSyncDateTime'
        'SignInSessionsValidFromDateTime'
        'RefreshTokensValidFromDateTime'
        'id'        
        @{n='PrimarySmtpAddress'; e={$MailUser.PrimarySmtpAddress}}
        @{n='ExternalEmailAddress'; e={$MailUser.ExternalEmailAddress}}
        @{n='LastSignInDateTime'; e={[datetime]$_.SignInActivity.LastSignInDateTime}}
        @{n='lastNonInteractiveSignInDateTime'; e={[datetime]$_.SignInActivity.AdditionalProperties.lastNonInteractiveSignInDateTime}}           
    )
}

$Common_ExportExcelParams = @{
    # PassThru     = $true
    BoldTopRow   = $true
    AutoSize     = $true
    AutoFilter   = $true
    FreezeTopRow = $true
}

$FileDate = Get-Date -Format yyyyMMddTHHmmss

$ReportUsers | Sort-Object UserPrincipalName | Export-Excel @Common_ExportExcelParams -Path ("c:\tmp\" + $filedate + "_report.xlsx") -WorksheetName report

NOTE: Future updates to this script will be on GitHub:

https://github.com/Mike-Crowley/Public-Scripts/blob/main/MailUser-MgUser-Activity-Report.ps1